Cog cia li Atternatives yuav tshuaj kab Repellants

cog ua atternatives rau tshuaj kab repellants extracts


Raws cov phom vectors ntawm cov kab mob ntawm cov kab mob, uas yuav ntaus tau epidemics los yog kis dav yog hauv zuj zus thwm ntiaj teb tib neeg thiab tej tsiaj. Co, zuam kis ntau hom yav dua lwm pab pawg neeg cov ntshav pub raws thoob ntiaj teb. Yog li, tus zoo thiab hauv eco tswj cov zuam vectors nyob rau hauv ib cheeb tsam lossi hloov yog muaj sib tw tseem ceeb heev.

Ntau tshiab tseem khiav twb sim tiv thaiv thiab tswj kab tick-borne, nrog rau txoj kev loj hlob ntawm (i) tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob vectored uas cov zuam; (ii) pheromone kuas tswj cuab yeej, nrog rau kev siv tshwj xeeb rau cov "ntxias thiab tua" tej hom kev; (iii) lom neeg tswj programmes relying ntawm cov zuam tug tsiaj thiab pathogens; thiab (iv) tus kab integrated tswj kev tswj kom txhob muaj kev sib tshuam zuam nrog tej tsiaj nyeg. Tsis tas li ntawd, cov ua hauj lwm uas nws kim heev ntawm acaricides thiab zuam Pesticide tseem tshua tus ob feem siv tau thiab npaj-rau-siv tswv yim.

Tu siab rau thawj tug no tsuas siv tau sai Ej kuj ua muaj zuam, poob mus ua loj tej kev txhawj xeeb. Ntawm qhov kev tes, tus exploitation ntawm cov nroj tsuag li tej chaw uas muaj zuam zoo Pesticide feem ntau yog pheej. Ntawm no, peb saib tam sim no paub txog qhov hauj lwm zoo cog cia li acaricides los sis Pesticide tus zuam vectors ntawm public health tseem ceeb, nrog rau kev siv tshwj xeeb tau cuab ricinus, cuab persulcatus, Amblyomma cajennense, Haemaphysalis bispinosa, Haemaphysalis longicornis, Hyalomma anatolicum, Hyalomma marginatum rufipes, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, microplus Rhipicephalus (Boophilus), Rhipicephalus pulchellus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, thiab Rhipicephalus turanicus.

Raug xaiv eighty-peb cog hom 35 botanical tsev neeg tawm. Cov tsev neeg botanical heev tshaj exploited li cov acaricides thiab cov tshuaj tiv thaiv tsis tau cov zuam ntaub Asteraceae (15% ntawm cov kev tshawb fawb xaiv), Fabaceae (9%), Lamiaceae (10%), Meliaceae (5%), Solanaceae (6%) thiab Verbenaceae (5%). Regression kab zauv analyses tas mas pom tias cov ntawv nyeem ntau zus ntawm kwv yees li 20% hauv ib xyoos (caij: 2005-2015).

Ntsig, nyob rau hauv cov nqe lus kawg, insights rau kev tshawb fawb yav tom ntej no tham. Peb yuav teem rau ib co caveats rau yav tom ntej tej ntaub ntawv thiab soj. Tam sim no critical ntsiab lus hais mas nrog (a) yam tsis kev siv, uas tau tiv thaiv kom txhob muab kev sib piv ntawm txoj kev tawm; (b) pom qhabnias ntau, nquag concentration 100% corresponded mus rau cov extract uas tag nrho, uas tus nqi nyiaj pes tsawg ntawm qhov muab rho tawm yam muaj heev npaum li cas tiag; thiab (c) homogeneous tsis loj instars qhabnias zuam thiab hom.

Overall, cov txuj ci scientific hauv kev ntsuam xyuas no kuj yuav pab rau comparative soj ntsuam kuaj cov lej uas nws kim heev ntawm kab cog pib, thiaj li yuav tsim muaj cov zuam newer thiab cov kev tswj cov cuab yeej.